Path to document: MoLSA homepage » Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs » Incomes and Standard of Living:

Living and Subsistence Minimum

Definition of Living and Subsistence Minimum

  • Living minimum is a socially recognized minimum level of income to ensure sustenance and other basic personal needs.
  • Subsistence Minimum is a minimum level of income, which is considered to be necessary to ensure sustenance and other basic personal needs at a level allowing the individual to survive. In addition to Living Minimum, the Institute of Subsistence Minimum is introduced in order to increase motivation of adults in material need. Subsistence Minimum cannot be used for dependent children, the recipients of an old-age pension, for disabled persons at the third level and for persons over the age of 68.

Legislation and the main use

  • Living and Subsistence Minimum is regulated by the Act No. 110/2006 Coll., on Living and Subsistence Minimum.
  • The valid amounts of Living and Subsistence Minimum are set by the Government Decree No. 409/2011 Coll. on indexation of living minimum and subsistence minimum amounts.
  • The main use of Living and Subsistence Minimum is in the Act No. 111/2006 Coll., on Assistance in Material Need. Living Minimum performs a decisive role in assessing of material need and also as a social-protection variable.

Housing costs

  • Living Minimum and Subsistence Minimum do not include the necessary Housing Costs.
  • Housing needs are solved separately, through Housing Allowance in the State Social Support system and through Supplement for Housing in the system of Assistance in Material Need.

Living and Subsistence Minimum

(monthly in CZK)

Living Minimum (Životní minimum)

Single3 410
First person in household3 140
Second and other persons who are not a dependant child2 830
Dependant child aged 
     under 6 years1 740
     6 - 15 years2 140
     15 - 26 years2 450

Subsistence Minimum (Existenční minimum)

Subsistence Minimum2 200

Examples - Living Minimum (monthly in CZK) for

Single person household3 410
2 adults3 140 + 2 830 = 5 970
1 adult with one child aged 5 years3 140 + 1 740 = 4 880
2 adults with one child aged 5 years3 140 + 2 830 + 1 740 = 7 710
2 adults with 2 children aged 8 and 16 years3 140+ 2 830 + 2 140 + 2 450 = 10 560
2 adults with 3 children aged 5, 8 and 16 years3 140 + 2 830 + 1 740 + 2 140 + 2 450 =12 300

The government is authorized to increase the amounts of Living and Subsistence Minimum on January 1 if growth of consumer price index for sustenance and personal needs exceeds 5%. In the case of extraordinary circumstances the amounts can be indexed sooner.

Author: Odbor 65
Updated: 4.1.2013

Nastavení zobrazení:

Shown / printed from website of Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic (http://www.mpsv.cz) on 18.10. 2017 000 00:11.